2017 Municipal Annexation PolicyJanuary 17, 2017: Prepared Pursuant to Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code.
This page was created to provide updates and information on the Annexation Plans for citizens in the city of McKinney and the extraterritorial jurisdiction. The page features updates on public meetings, information regarding the 2017 Municipal Annexation Policy and links to other annexation-related documents and studies.
- 2017 Annexation Policy
- Municipal Annexation Plan
- Previous Annexation Plan
- Additional Information
- Frequently Asked Questions
Recent NewsOn January 17, 2017, McKinney City Council approved an update to the City's Municipal Annexation Plan, to include policy guidance on annexations within the McKinney ETJ and to outline anticipated future annexations pursuant to Chapter 43.052. View the new adopted ordinance for the 2017 Municipal Annexation Policy (which includes the Municipal Annexation plan).
About the 2017 Update ProcessSubsequent to discussion and direction by the McKinney City Council at the July 25, 2016 City Council Work Session, City Staff began the formal process of amending the McKinney Municipal Annexation Plan which was originally adopted in 1999. As part of this process, a series of public and community meetings were held as outlined below:
| November 1, 2016 - City Council Meeting
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| September 21, 2016 - Community Meeting
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| September 14, 2016 - Community Meeting
|| View details
| July 25, 2016 - City Council Work Session
|| View details
Purpose and IntentThe purpose of this Annexation Policy is to establish a framework whereby the City of McKinney can proactively identify, analyze, and evaluate areas for potential annexation. It is the intent of this policy to comply with Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code and to further the stated goals and strategies of the city by:
- implementing the City of McKinney Comprehensive Plan;
- defining and protecting the ultimate boundaries of McKinney;
- ensuring responsible planning; and
- ensuring the continued attractive and efficient growth of the city.
BackgroundIn the 1999 State of Texas Legislative Session, the state passed Senate Bill 89 which significantly changed the procedures for unilateral annexations initiated by home rule cities. The preparation, adoption and publication of an Annexation Plan (also referred to as a “Municipal Annexation Plan”) is one of the major items that the State Legislature now requires of all municipalities.
The current Annexation Plan for the City of McKinney was adopted in 1999 and generally states, “the City of McKinney has no plans or intent to annex any property that is required by law to be included in … [an] Annexation Plan.” The Plan goes on to state that the city reserves the right to involuntarily annex certain properties under the exemption clause of Texas Local Government Code.
As of 2016, the City of McKinney corporate limits is approximately 68 square miles. However, the ultimate area of McKinney is roughly 116 square miles. This means that almost 50 square miles of unincorporated land still currently sits within the City’s Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ). While the city can exercise subdivision authority within its ETJ, it cannot exercise land use control (i.e. zoning) or taxing authority over those unincorporated areas.
Given the expected growth of the City of McKinney, policy guidance is key to accomplishing and implementing the goals and vision of the city in order to best accommodate anticipated growth.
Planning for AnnexationsWhen planning for annexations (both voluntary and involuntary), city leaders and decision-makers should consider if the proposed annexation achieves any of the following:
- Economic Development: Facilitates public‐private partnerships intended to stimulate economic growth, diversify the economic base and/or create job opportunities.
- Long Range Planning: Accomplishes the goals of the Comprehensive Plan, City Council strategic goals and/or other city policy documents.
- Protect Future Development: Protects future development from inadequate design and construction standards through the extension of the city's land use regulations and building codes.
- Capital Investments: Promotes a sustainable community through the efficient planning and provision of capital investments and the rational extension of public improvements.
- Fiscal Responsibility: Balances the resources generated by taxes and other revenues to accommodate current needs as well as anticipated future needs.
Evaluation Criteria for AnnexationsOnce an area is determined to achieve one of the planning goals described in Section III, city leaders and staff should specifically consider the following when determining if an area located in the Extraterritorial Jurisdiction should be annexed:
- Is the area an enclave of the city that would benefit from the systematic and efficient provision of services provided by a city?
- Is the city aware of, or anticipate development activity that would require water, sewer and/or other municipal services to promote public health, safety and welfare in the area?
- Is the area identified on the city’s Comprehensive Plan as a commercial center, mixed-use center, entertainment center or professional campus?
- Is the city able to provide city services at a level equal to other comparable areas already inside the city limits?
- Is there development potential that would benefit from a level of service provided by a city rather than an unincorporated area?
- What is the reliability, capacity and future public cost (if any) of current infrastructure such as roads, drainage, utilities, etc.?
- What are the current conditions of existing public services (i.e. police, fire, etc.) as compared to the conditions that currently exist within the city?
Annexation ProgramThe Annexation Program on this page outlines the ways in which areas within the Extraterritorial Jurisdiction of McKinney can be annexed.
Annexations Exempt from the Municipal Annexation PlanIn accordance with Section 43.052 of the Texas Local Government Code, the City of McKinney may annex certain properties not identified on the 2017 Annexation Plan. The decision to proceed with annexations exempt from the Annexation Plan shall be in conformance with this policy.
Voluntary Annexations In accordance with Section 43.052 of the Texas Local Government Code, a private property owner (or owners) may request to be annexed into a city’s corporate limits. Voluntary annexations have led to large expansions and growth of the city and should be evaluated using the planning and evaluation criteria of this policy to ensure that the purpose and intent of this document are being met.
Disannexations In accordance with Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code, real property owners may petition the City Council to disannex from the corporate limits of McKinney. Similarly, the city may seek to disannex an area from the corporate limits of McKinney in accordance with Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code.
Purpose and IntentIn accordance with Section 43.052 of the Texas Local Government Code, the general purpose of the Municipal Annexation Plan is to identify the areas that the city intends to annex within three years from adoption of the plan. Below is a table of the areas that have been identified as part of the Municipal Annexation Plan (2017).
|Area||Description||Approx. Size||Annexation Year|
|17-1||Generally located 3,300 feet north of U.S. Highway 380 (University Drive) and east of FM 2478 (Custer Road)||49 acres||2020|
|17-2||Generally located north of U.S. Highway 380 (University Drive) and east of New Hope Road||169 acres||2020|
Left: Municipal Annexation Plan location man (2017); Top right: Area 17-1; Bottom right: Area 17-2
Exclusion of an area from the Municipal Annexation Plan does not prevent the city from annexing the area under the exemption qualifications of the Texas Local Government Code.
Municipal Annexation Policy Definitions
- Annexation: The legal process by which a city extends its corporate boundaries.
- Annexation Policy: A set of guidelines for making annexation decisions.
- Disannexation: The process by which territory is removed from the corporate limits of a municipality.
- Enclave: An area within the city’s extraterritorial jurisdiction that is surrounded by the corporate limits of the city and/or the corporate limits or extraterritorial jurisdiction of other municipalities.
- Extraterritorial Jurisdiction (ETJ): An unincorporated area that is contiguous to, and extends five miles from, the corporate limits of a municipality as determined in Chapter 42 of the Texas Local Government Code.
- Infrastructure: Facilities necessary to provide city services, usually referring to physical assets such as streets and utility lines.
- Municipal Annexation Plan: A document required by Section 43.052 of the Texas Local Government Code that specifically identifies annexations that may occur beginning on the third anniversary of the date the annexation plan is adopted or amended.
Previous Annexation PlanView the Ordinance for the 1999 City of McKinney Annexation Plan
November 2, 1999: Prepared Pursuant To Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code
Background & IntroductionIn the 1999 State of Texas legislative session, the state passed Senate Bill 89 which significantly changed the procedures for unilateral annexations initiated by home rule cities. The preparation, adoption and publication of this Annexation Plan are the major items that the state legislature is now requiring of all municipalities.
An Annexation Plan is a document that outlines the following:
- Parcels of land being considered for annexation in the future
- Inventory of existing infrastructure in parcels being considered for annexation
- Inventory of property owners who own land in areas being considered for annexation
- Service Plan for water and sewer services to areas being considered for annexation
- Service Plan for safety services (police, fire and ambulance) for areas being considered for annexation
- Service Plan for other general services for areas being considered for annexation
The purpose of an Annexation Plan is to clearly articulate to elected and appointed city officials, city staff and the general public the current intent of the City of McKinney with respect to future unilateral annexations. The City of McKinney has a long history of comprehensive planning and responsible growth. This 1999 Annexation Plan is yet another tool toward that effort.
The 1999 Annexation Plan may be used as a guide to the City of McKinney with respect to the following:
- Growth management
- Boundary changes
- City water and sewer services
- Safety services (police, fire and ambulance)
- City roadway services
- General services
Annual Annexation Plans and amendments to prior plans will be prepared as State Law requires. The 1999 Annexation Plan governs any unilateral annexations beginning in the year 2002. The 2000 Annexation Plan will govern any potential unilateral annexations beginning in the year 2003, and so on.