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The two main reasons Texas cities annex are to (a) exercise land use authority and (b) exercise taxing authority. A city’s land use authority allows the city to better protect its long-term interests regarding potentially incompatible land uses and to ensure safer, more enduring development projects. Taxing authority is a necessary tool for a city to be able to provide important public services (i.e. police, fire and infrastructure) to its residents.
a. Police protection
b. Fire protection & fire prevention
c. Emergency medical services (ambulance)
d. Street maintenance
e. Parks and recreation facilities accessibility
f. Voting rights and representation on the City’s governing body and various boards and commissions
g. Maintenance of public infrastructure
h. Consistent enforcement of Code and Ordinances making the community safe and comfortable for all residents. These include, but are not limited to, planning and zoning, environmental health, and code enforcement services
i. Protection of natural resources from uncontrolled growth and development; regulation of development in the floodplain, and the effects of development on downstream flooding
j. Extension of City water and sewer infrastructure as development occurs
No. Current appraisals recognizing an Agricultural, Timber Harvest, or Wildlife Management exemption will continue after annexation as long as the land continues to be used for the Agricultural, Timber Harvest, or Wildlife Management purposes and such use is not changed by the property owner per the Collin Central Appraisal District. Please note, however, that the classification of land for agricultural purposes is not a function of the city. Specific questions regarding the classification of your property should be directed to the Appraisal District.
A resident living outside the city limits currently pays county tax, school district taxes, and, in some cases, an emergency services district tax. Upon annexation, a city property tax would apply as well. The current city tax rate (as of 2016) is $0.573 per $100 valuation. However, McKinney City Council will consider a new tax rate of $0.540199 at their September 19, 2017 meeting. The Collin Central Appraisal District administers and evaluates property values for taxing purposes. Questions regarding taxing and appraisal values should be directed to the Collin Central Appraisal District at 469-742-9200.
Yes, under Chapter 43.056 of the Texas Local Government Code, the city is required to provide most city services (police protection, fire protection, solid waste collection, operation and maintenance of roads and streets, and access to city-owned recreation facilities and parks) immediately upon annexation. The city is also required to prepare a service plan to provide for the extension of municipal services to the area being annexed. The city will strive to provide services levels similar to those the city currently extends to any other similarly situated areas already within the city (based generally on characteristics of topography, land use and population density). In instances where services are deemed to be below an acceptable level of service (“below acceptable” being less than the level of services currently provided to any other similarly situated area already within the city), those services should be provided by the city within 2 ½ years after the effective annexation date, unless it is determined that 2 ½ years is not a reasonable period of time within which to provide services. If services cannot reasonably be provided within 2 ½ years, the city must prepare a plan to provide such services within 4 ½ years with any capital improvements being “substantially complete” by the end of that 4 ½ year time frame.
As a general rule, when property is annexed into the city through a city-initiated annexation, properties are typically zoned into the AG - Agricultural zoning district. However, the determination of zoning district for involuntarily annexed properties may change over time. After annexation, a property owner may request a rezoning of their property. Additional information concerning the rezoning process is available from the Planning Department at 972-547-2000.
Yes. Generally speaking, any lawful pre-existing use of your property for grazing livestock can continue. (See also the answer to Paragraph No. 9, above.) The AG - Agricultural zoning district allows for barns and stables and for keeping private animal stock as well as land for pasturage. Questions regarding animals and livestock should be directed to the Code Enforcement office at 972-547-7440.
The City regulates open burning within the city’s corporate limits and the regulations for open burning are found in section 42-56 through 42-68 of the McKinney Code. Any questions regarding open burning should be directed to the McKinney Fire Marshal’s office at 972-547-2850.
The discharge of a weapon is governed by Texas Local Government Code 229.003, which generally states that a firearm may be discharged if the following requirements are met:The discharge of a shotgun, air rifle or pistol, BB gun, or bow and arrow is permissible on a tract of land that is:
1) 10 acres or more in size2) Annexed after September 1, 19813) More than 1,000 feet from a public tract of land accessible by the public, a school, hospital, or commercial day-care facility4) More than 600 feet from a residential subdivision or multifamily residential complex5) More than 150 feet from a residence or occupied building located on another property
The discharge of a center fire or rim fire rifle or pistol of any caliber is permissible on a tract of land that is:
1) 50 acres or more in size2) Annexed after September 1, 19813) More than 1,000 feet from a public tract of land accessible by the public, a school, hospital, or commercial day-care facility4) More than 600 feet from a residential subdivision or multifamily residential complex5) More than 300 feet from a residence or occupied building located on another property
Furthermore, hunting is not an allowed use in the City of McKinney. See Section F-4, “Schedule of Uses” in Appendix F to Chapter 146, Zoning Regulations, to the McKinney Code.
It is always best to contact the City of McKinney Police Department at 972.547.2700 to seek clarification on the issue of discharging firearms within the City limits.
The city’s website provides a wealth of information regarding city services and regulations. The city’s code of ordinances is also available on Municode.
As with other cities, McKinney requires permitting and inspection of construction in order to protect consumers from potential poor construction practices and the health and safety hazards as well as financial issues that could result from substandard construction. In newly annexed areas, minor building maintenance does not require building permits, but new items like re-roofs and new buildings do require permits to ensure the quality of work. No permit is required for fence repair but is required for a new fence. Questions regarding building permits should be directed to the Building Inspections office at 972.547.7400.
No, deed restrictions are not impacted by annexation and would continue to apply in the same manner as they currently apply to property. The city typically does not generally have the authority to enforce deed restrictions unless the city owns property that is subject to the same deed restrictions.
More information about the Local Government Code and annexations can be found at the following link: https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/?link=LG